Cocker Spaniel Glossary: Premolars

In the context of Cocker Spaniel dental descriptions, “Premolars” refer to the set of teeth located behind the canines and before the molars in a dog’s mouth. For Cocker Spaniels, these teeth play a critical role in breaking down food, particularly in shearing meat apart, thanks to their sharp, serrated edges. They also assist in holding objects securely in the mouth.


  • Teeth positioned between the canines and molars.
  • Primarily responsible for shearing and breaking down food.
  • Characterized by their sharp, serrated edges.
  • Assist dogs in holding objects securely.

A Deeper Look: Premolars

Cocker Spaniels typically possess four premolars on the upper jaw of each side and three on the lower jaw of each side, making for a total of 14 premolars. These teeth emerge during puppyhood and serve as an essential transition between the tearing function of the canines and the grinding function of the molars.

Premolars are multi-functional. While they are crucial for food processing, they also come into play during certain behaviors, such as chewing on toys or bones. The serrated edges of the premolars help in breaking down tougher food materials, ensuring efficient digestion and nutrient absorption.

Maintaining the health of the premolars is vital for the overall well-being of the dog. Regular dental check-ups, brushing, and appropriate chew toys can help keep these teeth in optimal condition.

Spotlight on the Premolars

  • In puppies, premolars start to emerge around 4-6 months of age.
  • A missing or damaged premolar can affect a dog’s chewing efficiency.
  • Dental health routines often emphasize cleaning and checking premolars due to their susceptibility to plaque accumulation.
  • In the world of dog shows, the condition and alignment of premolars might be considered when evaluating a dog’s conformation to breed standards.

Cocker Spaniel Guide is your ultimate resource for everything related to these charming canine companions. Explore breed insights, training tips, health & wellness tips, heartwarming stories, and more, tailored exclusively for cocker spaniel enthusiasts.


    Subscribe to Mailing List
    The best Cocker Spaniel content delivered fresh to your inbox weekly.